So many ways to help animals. So many arguments that divide vegans, from each other, from vegetarians, and from the mainstream. And the reasons, all of the reasons, let’s explore some in this introduction to Vegan Concepts through terminology.
Animal Rights- The belief, and movement of working for, rights and protections for nonhumans, in specific the right to avoid suffering, the possession of self-hood and the right not to be forced/compulsory consent, and exploitation. This can include personhood, subject hood, prima facie rights, and abolitionism.
Animal Advocacy- This is similar to animal rights, although advocacy speaks to legal action, petition, or attempting to ban or block laws and practices governed by law that concern animal cruelty. Top 45 Advocacy Blogs
Animal Welfare- This is the approach that tackles the reduction of harm in incremental amounts, such as “humane” farming practices. They typically advocate for the reduction of the use of animal products to non-vegans, and the dissemination of more vegan alternatives in the market. Many vegans believe this approach leads to guilt-absolution of non-vegans, allowing people to believe that their small ethical edits (grass-fed beef, cage-free eggs etc) solve the problem, instead of making a small dent. Animal Welfare Institute
Animal Liberation- The notion that we are not free until all are free. The complete end of animal use for entertainment, agriculture, consumerism, medical testing, or any human-centered need. Occasionally, Liberation groups take matters into their own hands to liberate animals in captivity, or destroying testing cites, and others specifically work to ban or boycott industries that use captive or exploited animals. Also, the name of a book by Peter Singer, himself a controversial figure. Animal Liberation Front.